Storing raw passwords is super dangerous. In case our db is compromised for whatsoever reason. All our user's passwords will be available to the hacker without any effort. To tackle this scenario we make use of password hashing. In very simple words, It is a one-way algorithm to convert passwords to a string that looks like gibberish e.g. If your password is "HelloWorld" it would become $2y$12$kbQm9Vb96023efZFhSkZf.a4bAGyzDW6zKC/K1JDtKY0f.gKZxAHO with 12 cryptographic iterations. I would suggest playing with Bcrypt Generator to get a feel of hashing. The wonderful thing about hashing is that we do not de-hash but we compare hashes to see if the password entered is the same as that of the existing password.
There are many hashing algorithms like PBKDF2, SHA1, SHA256, and many more. In this post, we are going to use the BCrypt algorithm. We will be using a super library passlib, to handle hashing and comparison for us. So, let's install passlib along with Bcrypt. U[date your requirements.txt file with passlib[bcrypt] and do a pip install -r requirements.txt.
fastapi uvicorn #for template jinja2 #for static files aiofiles #for database sqlalchemy psycopg2 #for loading environment variables python-dotenv #for email validation pydantic[email] #hashing #new passlib[bcrypt]
Now, we are going to create a file in which we will be implementing the class to handle Hashing. Make a new file inside the core folder named hashing.py. Core > hashing.py and paste the following lines.
from passlib.context import CryptContext pwd_context = CryptContext(schemes=["bcrypt"], deprecated="auto") class Hasher(): @staticmethod def verify_password(plain_password, hashed_password): return pwd_context.verify(plain_password, hashed_password) @staticmethod def get_password_hash(password): return pwd_context.hash(password)
Done, Now, I am going off-screen, There is a world outside which is also important. You might think why I speak such things. Its because I believe that anyone can learn development in 3-4 months but It takes years to learn to live. I am learning and sharing my experience with you in case if it helps.